‘Double-edge sword’: Hong Kong gov’t warns US on special status

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Hong Kong’s government warned the United States to stop interfering in its internal affairs, saying that the withdrawal of the territory’s special status, which has underpinned the city’s position as a global financial hub, could be a “double-edged sword”.
The statement came as US President Donald Trump prepared to announce later on Friday his response to the Chinese parliament’s approval of national security legislation for Hong Kong, which democracy activists and Western countries fear could erode the city’s freedoms.
The former British colony enjoys a high degree of autonomy under a “one country, two systems” formula that was agreed when it was returned to Chinese rule in 1997.
“Any sanctions are a double-edged sword that will not only harm the interests of Hong Kong but also significantly those of the US,” the city’s government said late on Thursday.
It added that from 2009 to 2018, the US trade surplus with Hong Kong was the biggest among all its trading partners, totalling $297 billion of merchandise with 1,300 American firms are based in the city.
The legislation will allow Chinese intelligence agencies to set up bases in the territory. Beijing argues the new legislation is necessary to tackle secession, subversion, terrorism and foreign interference.
Hong Kong has been convulsed by sometimes violent protests since the local government attempted to introduce an extradition bill that would have allowed people to be sent to mainland China for trial. Whlle the scale of the opposition forced the government to abandon the plan, the protests have evolved into broader calls for democracy amid concerns about China’s encroachment into Hong Kong’s affairs.
After a coronavirus lull, the national security bill has ignited the first big protests in Hong Kong for months. Police moved to disperse crowds in the heart of the city’s business district with pepper pellets and hundreds were detained. Social media showed mainly young people, including schoolchildren, being escorted onto police buses.
The US Department of State said in a report on Thursday it could “no longer certify that Hong Kong continues to warrant (differential) treatment” from Beijing.
Trump’s top economic adviser Larry Kudlow warned that Hong Kong, which has enjoyed special privileges under US law based on its high degree of autonomy from Beijing, may now need to be treated like China on trade and other financial matters.
In a separate statement on Friday, published in several local newspapers, Hong Kong leader Carrie Lam urged “fellow citizens” to “join hands to pursue our dreams while putting aside our differences”.
She said the legislation was needed because of a “terrorist threat” and because organisations advocating “independence and self-determination” have challenged the authority of Beijing and local governments and pleaded for foreign interference.
The five demands of last-year’s pro-democracy protest movement included universal suffrage – listed as the “ultimate aim” in Hong Kong’s mini-constitution known as the Basic Law – and an independent inquiry into police handling of the protests. There have been few calls for independence, which is anathema to Beijing.
The security legislation, along with a bill to criminalise disrespect for China’s national anthem, are seen by protesters as the latest attempt by Beijing to tighten its control of the city.
The security legislation, expected to be enacted before September, was condemnedalso by Britain, Australia, Canada and the US in a joint statement.
Speaking at the United Nations Security Council, the European Union’s High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security, Josep Borrell Fontelles expressed “deep concern” over the legislation.
“We believe that this not in conformity with international commitments, nor with the Hong Kong basic law,” he said.
Britain has said it will give greater visa rights to the 300,000 people in Hong Kong with the British Overseas Passport including a path to citizenship if China goes ahead with the legislation.
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